源码如何编译安装MySQL5.6.12

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wget http://download.csdn.net/detail/mchdba/7545037

2 安装cmake软件包
yum install cmake -y

3 create account of mysql
groupadd mysql
useradd -g mysql mysql
autoreconf –force –install
libtoolize –automake –force
automake –force –add-missing

4 complie the sources
数据目录 : /home/data/mysql/data
mysql软件目录 : /usr/local/mysql
mkdir -p /home/data/mysql/data
mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql
tar -xvf mysql-5.6.12.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.6.12

5 预编译
[root@squid-2 mysql-5.6.12]# time cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/home/data/mysql/data -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR==/usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock -DMYSQL_USER=mysql -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci
……
— Check size of wint_t
— Check size of wint_t – done
— Could NOT find Curses (missing: CURSES_LIBRARY CURSES_INCLUDE_PATH)
CMake Error at cmake/readline.cmake:85 (MESSAGE):
Curses library not found. Please install appropriate package,

remove CMakeCache.txt and rerun cmake.On Debian/Ubuntu, package name is libncurses5-dev, on Redhat and derivates it is ncurses-devel.
Call Stack (most recent call first):
cmake/readline.cmake:128 (FIND_CURSES)
cmake/readline.cmake:202 (MYSQL_USE_BUNDLED_EDITLINE)
CMakeLists.txt:325 (MYSQL_CHECK_EDITLINE)

— Configuring incomplete, errors occurred!
real 0m41.872s
user 0m23.508s
sys 0m16.328s

6 yum install make
ok
[root@472322 mysql-5.6.13]#
[解决]
删除txt
[root@squid-2 mysql-5.6.12]# find / -name CMakeCache.txt
/root/mysql/mysql-5.6.12/CMakeCache.txt

安装ncurses-开发云主机域名devel
yum -y install ncurses-devel

再报错如下:
— Performing Test HAVE_PEERCRED
CMake Error at /usr/share/cmake/Modules/CMakeCXXInformation.cmake:17 (GET_FILENAME_COMPONENT):
get_filename_component called with incorrect number of arguments
Call Stack (most recent call first):
CMakeLists.txt:3 (PROJECT)

CMake Error: CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER not set, after EnableLanguage
CMake Error: Internal CMake error, TryCompile configure of cmake failed
— Performing Test HAVE_PEERCRED – Failed
— Library mysqlclient depends on OSLIBS -lpthread;m;rt;dl
— Googlemock was not found. gtest-based unit tests will be disabled. You can run cmake . -DENABLE_DOWNLOADS=1 to automatically download and build required components from source.
— If you are inside a firewall, you may need to use an http proxy: export http_proxy=http://foo.bar.com:80
Warning: Bison executable not found in PATH
— Library mysqlserver depends on OSLIBS -lpthread;m;rt;crypt;dl
— Configuring incomplete, errors occurred!

real 0m42.841s
user 0m24.527s
sys 0m16.543s
— Configuring incomplete, errors occurred!

real 0m0.510s
user 0m0.275s
sys 0m0.112s
[root@472322 mysql-5.6.13]#
yum install gcc gcc-c++ -y
yum install -y ncurses-devel.x86_64
yum install -y cmake.x86_64
yum install -y libaio.x86_64
yum install -y bison.x86_64
yum install -y gcc-c++.x86_64
[解决办法]:删除原来的mysql-5.6.12目录,重新解压缩tar.gz包

8 重新执行编译
rm -rf /root/mysql-5.6.12
cd /root/
tar -xvf mysql-5.6.12.tar.gz
cd /root/mysql-5.6.12
time cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/home/data/mysql/data -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR==/usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock -DMYSQL_USER=mysql -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci
……
— Looking for asprintf – found
— Check size of pthread_t
— Check size of pthread_t – done
— Using cmake version 2.6.4
— Not building NDB
— Performing Test HAVE_PEERCRED
— Performing Test HAVE_PEERCRED – Success
— Library mysqlclient depends on OSLIBS -lpthread;m;rt;dl
— Googlemock was not found. gtest-based unit tests will be disabled. You can run cmake . -DENABLE_DOWNLOADS=1 to automatically download and build required components from source.
— If you are inside a firewall, you may need to use an http proxy: export http_proxy=http://foo.bar.com:80
— Library mysqlserver depends on OSLIBS -lpthread;m;rt;crypt;dl
— Configuring done
— Generating done
— Build files have been written to: /root/mysql/mysql-5.6.12

real 0m45.943s
user 0m26.213s
sys 0m17.661s

time make
这一步时间比较长,需要耐心等待,看中间是否有error信息产生。
会看到很多Building信息
……
[ 38%] Building CXX object storage/innobase/CMakeFiles/innobase.dir/lock/lock0iter.cc.o
[ 38%] Building CXX object storage/innobase/CMakeFiles/innobase.dir/lock/lock0lock.cc.o
[ 38%] Building CXX object storage/innobase/CMakeFiles/innobase.dir/lock/lock0wait.cc.o
[ 38%] Building CXX object storage/innobase/CMakeFiles/innobase.dir/log/log0log.cc.o
[ 39%] Building CXX object storage/innobase/CMakeFiles/innobase.dir/log/log0recv.cc.o
[ 39%] Building CXX object storage/innobase/CMakeFiles/innobase.dir/mach/mach0data.cc.o
[ 39%] Building CXX object storage/innobase/CMakeFiles/innobase.dir/mem/mem0mem.cc.o
……
[100%] Building CXX object mysql-test/lib/My/SafeProcess/CMakeFiles/my_safe_process.dir/safe_process.cc.o
Linking CXX executable my_safe_process
[100%] Built target my_safe_process

real 21m39.375s
user 18m9.239s
sys 1m34.320s

time make install
这个命令比较快
……
— Installing: /usr/local/mysql/man/man8/mysqld.8
— Installing: /usr/local/mysql/support-files/solaris/postinstall-solaris

real 0m8.439s
user 0m3.353s
sys 0m4.616s

9 init db,初始化数据
ll /home/data/mysql/data
cd /home/data/mysql/data
先赋予文件夹mysql权限
chown -R mysql /home/data/mysql/data
chgrp -R mysql /home/data/mysql/data
chown -R mysql /usr/local/mysql/
chgrp -R mysql /usr/local/mysql/
cd /usr/local/mysql/
cp support-files/my-default.cnf /etc/my56.cnf
scripts/mysql_install_db –user=mysql –basedir=/usr/local/mysql –datadir=/home/data/mysql/data –defaults-file=/usr/local/mysql/my.cnf
[root@localhost mysql]# scripts/mysql_install_db –user=mysql –basedir=/usr/local/mysql –datadir=/home/data/mysql/data –defaults-file=/usr/local/mysql/my.cnf
Installing MySQL system tables…/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld: File ‘/home/data/mysql/binlog/mysql-bin.index’ not found (Errcode: 2 – No such file or directory)
2014-06-27 10:47:14 9686 [ERROR] Aborting

2014-06-27 10:47:14 9686 [Note] Binlog end
2014-06-27 10:47:14 9686 [Note] /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld: Shutdown complete

[root@localhost mysql]# mkdir -p /home/data/mysql/binlog/
[root@localhost mysql]#
[root@localhost mysql]# chown -R mysql /home/data/mysql/binlog/
[root@localhost mysql]# chgrp -R mysql /home/data/mysql/binlog/
建好目录,再执行数据库初始化:
[root@472322 mysql56]# scripts/mysql_install_db –user=mysql –basedir=/usr/local/mysql –datadir=/home/data/mysql/data –defaults-file=/usr/local/mysql/my.cnf
Installing MySQL system tables…2013-08-22 05:06:03 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use –explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Using CPU crc32 instructions
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: The first specified data file ./ibdata1 did not exist: a new database to be created!
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Setting file ./ibdata1 size to 12 MB
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Database physically writes the file full: wait…
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile101 size to 48 MB
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile1 size to 48 MB
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Renaming log file ./ib_logfile101 to ./ib_logfile0
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Warning] InnoDB: New log files created, LSN=45781
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Doublewrite buffer not found: creating new
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Doublewrite buffer created
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: 128 rollback segment(s) are active.
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Warning] InnoDB: Creating foreign key constraint system tables.
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Foreign key constraint system tables created
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Creating tablespace and datafile system tables.
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Tablespace and datafile system tables created.
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Waiting for purge to start
2013-08-22 05:06:03 19416 [Note] InnoDB: 5.6.13 started; log sequence number 0
2013-08-22 05:06:04 19416 [Note] Binlog end
2013-08-22 05:06:04 19416 [Note] InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.
2013-08-22 05:06:04 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Starting shutdown…
2013-08-22 05:06:05 19416 [Note] InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1625977
OK

Filling help tables…2013-08-22 05:06:05 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use –explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2013-08-22 05:06:05 19439 [Note] InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
2013-08-22 05:06:05 19439 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins
2013-08-22 05:06:05 19439 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
2013-08-22 05:06:05 19439 [Note] InnoDB: Using CPU crc32 instructions
2013-08-22 05:06:05 19439 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M
2013-08-22 05:06:05 19439 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
2013-08-22 05:06:05 19439 [Note] InnoDB: Highest supported file format is Barracuda.
2013-08-22 05:06:05 19439 [Note] InnoDB: 128 rollback segment(s) are active.
2013-08-22 05:06:05 19439 [Note] InnoDB: Waiting for purge to start
2013-08-22 05:06:05 19439 [Note] InnoDB: 5.6.13 started; log sequence number 1625977
2013-08-22 05:06:05 19439 [Note] Binlog end
2013-08-22 05:06:05 19439 [Note] InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.
2013-08-22 05:06:05 19439 [Note] InnoDB: Starting shutdown…
2013-08-22 05:06:06 19439 [Note] InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1625987
OK

To start mysqld at boot time you have to copy
support-files/mysql.server to the right place for your system

PLEASE REMEMBER TO SET A PASSWORD FOR THE MySQL root USER !
To do so, start the server, then issue the following commands:

/usr/local/mysql56/bin/mysqladmin -u root password ‘new-password’
/usr/local/mysql56/bin/mysqladmin -u root -h 472322.ea.com password ‘new-password’

Alternatively you can run:

/usr/local/mysql56/bin/mysql_secure_installation

which will also give you the option of removing the test
databases and anonymous user created by default. This is
strongly recommended for production servers.
See the manual for more instructions.
You can start the MySQL daemon with:
cd . ; /usr/local/mysql56/bin/mysqld_safe &
You can test the MySQL daemon with mysql-test-run.pl
cd mysql-test ; perl mysql-test-run.pl
Please report any problems with the ./bin/mysqlbug script!
The latest information about MySQL is available on the web at
http://www.mysql.com
Support MySQL by buying support/licenses at http://shop.mysql.com

New default config file was created as /usr/local/mysql56/my.cnf and
will be used by default by the server when you start it.
You may edit this file to change server settings

WARNING: Default config file /etc/my.cnf exists on the system
This file will be read by default by the MySQL server
If you do not want to use this, either remove it, or use the
–defaults-file argument to mysqld_safe when starting the server
[root@472322 mysql56]#

10 copy start command
cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld5612
chmod 700 /etc/init.d/mysqld5612
echo “export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin”>>/etc/profile
source /etc/profile

11 添加开机启动
chkconfig –add mysqld5612

12 start service
service mysqld5612 start
[root@squid-2 mysql]# service mysqld5612 start
Starting MySQL…….The server quit without updating PID f[失败]usr/local/mysql/mysqld.pid).
[root@squid-2 mysql]#
查看日志报错如下:
2014-06-24 14:56:54 31726 [Note] Server socket created on IP: ‘::’.
2014-06-24 14:56:54 31726 [ERROR] Can’t start server : Bind on unix socket: Permission denied
2014-06-24 14:56:54 31726 [ERROR] Do you already have another mysqld server running on socket: /usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock ?
2014-06-24 14:56:54 31726 [ERROR] Aborting
解决原因是:
/usr/local/mysql跟目录需要赋予mysql权限
根据日志文件显示,首先检查运行权限,再看一下/usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock,发现/usr/local/mysql目录下并没有该文件,是否是没有权限写目录?
看到/usr/local/mysql目录是root用户,所以赋予mysql操作权限。
chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql

[root@472322 data56]# service mysqld5612 start
Starting MySQL. SUCCESS!
[root@472322 data56]# mysql
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or g.
Your MySQL connection id is 1
Server version: 5.6.13 Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type ‘help;’ or ‘h’ for help. Type ‘c’ to clear the current input statement.

mysql> show databases;
+——————–+
| Database |
+——————–+
| information_schema |
| mysql |
| performance_schema |
| test |
+——————–+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)
mysql>

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