CentOS6.5如何编译安装最新MySQL 5.7.11

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安装前工作:
1,从官方网址下载MySQL5.7.11源码包,大概49M
2,安装好CentOS6.5 64位操作系统。建议update操作系统,以便是此版本最新的
3. yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake zlib* fiex* libxml* ncurses-devel libmcrypt* libtool-ltdl-devel* make cmake libaio libaio-devel autoconf bzr bison libtool //这是个人在安装老版本使用的,相关依赖包

正式安装MySQL
1. 添加MySQL用户和所属组
groupadd mysql
useradd -r -g mysql mysql
2. 解压源码包
tar -zxvfmysql-5.7.11.tar.gz
3. 开始踩MySQL的坑
设置好make编译的目录
cmake
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql //MySQL安装文件目录
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/mysql/data //MySQL数据文件目录
-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock //sock文件目录
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 //字符集设置
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci
-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1

4. 进入到解压后的源码包中 cmake
[root@zhangMySQL5711 mysql-5.7.11]# cmake
> -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql
> -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/mysql/data
> -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock
> -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8
> -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci
> -DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all
> -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1
— Running cmake version 2.8.12.2
— Could NOT find Git (missing: GIT_EXECUTABLE)
— Configuring with MAX_INDEXES = 64U
— The C compiler identification is GNU 4.4.7
— The CXX compiler identification is GNU 4.4.7
— Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc
— Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc — works
— Detecting C compiler ABI info
— Detecting C compiler ABI info – done
— Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/c++
— Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/c++ — works
— Detecting CXX compiler ABI info
— Detecting CXX compiler ABI info – done
— Looking for SHM_HUGETLB
— Looking for SHM_HUGETLB – found
— Looking for sys/types.h
— Looking for sys/types.h – found
— Looking for stdint.h
— Looking for stdint.h – found
— Looking for stddef.h
— Looking for stddef.h – found
— Check size of void *
— Check size of void * – done
— SIZEOF_VOIDP 8
— MySQL 5.7.11
— Packaging as: mysql-5.7.11-Linux-x86_64
— Looked for boost/version.hpp in and
— BOOST_INCLUDE_DIR BOOST_INCLUDE_DIR-NOTFOUND
— LOCAL_BOOST_DIR
— LOCAL_BOOST_ZIP
— Could not find (the correct version of) boost. //出现问题了
— MySQL currently requires boost_1_59_0
CMake Error at cmake/boost.cmake:81 (MESSAGE):
You can download it with -DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1 -DWITH_BOOST= //需要boost支持,这一点跟5.6版本的不一样
This CMake script will look for boost in . If it is not there,
it will download and unpack it (in that directory) for you.
If you are inside a firewall, you may need to use an http proxy:
export http_proxy=http://example.com:80
Call Stack (most recent call first):
cmake/boost.cmake:238 (COULD_NOT_FIND_BOOST)
CMakeLists.txt:443 (INCLUDE)
— Configuring incomplete, errors occurred!
See also “/root/mysql-5.7.11/CMakeFiles/CMakeOutput.log”.

重新按照要求加上boost选项,再次cmake:
[root@zhangMySQL5711 mysql-5.7.11]# cmake
> -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql
> -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/mysql/data
> -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock
> -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8
> -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci
> -DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all
> -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1
> -DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1
> -DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost
— Running cmake version 2.8.12.2
— Could NOT find Git (missing: GIT_EXECUTABLE)
— Configuring with MAX_INDEXES = 64U
— SIZEOF_VOIDP 8
— MySQL 5.7.11
— Packaging as: mysql-5.7.11-Linux-x86_64
— Downloading boost_1_59_0.tar.gz to /usr/local/boost
— [download 0% complete]
— [download 1% complete]
— [download 2% complete]
— [download 3% complete]
— [download 4% complete]
— [download 5% complete]
— [download 6% complete]
— [download 7% complete]
— Download failed, error: 28;”Timeout was reached” //实在是受不了这蜗牛的速度,大概30Kb/s 所以下载失败
CMake Error at cmake/boost.cmake:187 (MESSAGE):
You can try downloading
http://sourceforge.net/projects/boost/files/boost/1.59.0/boost_1_59_0.tar.gz //建议复制链接,直接浏览器上,或者迅雷上下载,速度超快
manually using curl/wget or a similar tool, or increase the value of
DOWNLOAD_BOOST_TIMEOUT (which is now 600 seconds)
Call Stack (most recent call first):
CMakeLists.txt:443 (INCLUDE)

下载好boost文件,
[root@zhangMySQL5711 boost]# pwd //目录要和cmake 定义的一致
/usr/local/boost
[root@zhangMySQL5711 boost]# ll
total 81760
drwx—— 8 zabbix 20 4096 Aug 12 2015 boost_1_59_0
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 83709983 Feb 24 16:42 boost_1_59_0.tar.gz //下载好的,解压即可

重新定义cmake
cmake
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/mysql/data
-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci
-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1
-DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1
-DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost/boost_1_59_0

[root@zhangMySQL5711 mysql-5.7.11]# cmake
> -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql
> -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/mysql/data
> -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock
> -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8
> -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci
> -DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all
> -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1
> -DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1
> -DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost/boost_1_59_0
— Running cmake version 2.8.12.2
— Could NOT find Git (missing: GIT_EXECUTABLE)
— Configuring with MAX_INDEXES = 64U
— The C compiler identification is GNU 4.4.7
— The CXX compiler identification is GNU 4.4.7
— Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc
— Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc — works
— Detecting C compiler ABI info
— Detecting C compiler ABI info – done
— Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/c++
— Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/c++ — works
….. //篇幅太大了,截取开头和结尾
— Performing Test HAVE_NO_UNUSED_TYPEDEFS – Success
— Library mysqlserver depends on OSLIBS -lpthread;m;rt;crypt;dl;aio
— INSTALL mysqlclient.pc lib/pkgconfig
— CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE: RelWithDebInfo
— COMPILE_DEFINITIONS: _GNU_SOURCE;_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64;HAVE_CONFIG_H
— CMAKE_C_FLAGS: -Wall -Wextra -Wformat-security -Wvla -Wwrite-strings -Wdeclaration-after-statement
— CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS: -Wall -Wextra -Wformat-security -Wvla -Woverloaded-virtual -Wno-unused-parameter
— CMAKE_C_FLAGS_RELWITHDEBINFO: -O3 -g -fabi-version=2 -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fno-strict-aliasing -DDBUG_OFF
— CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_RELWITHDEBINFO: -O3 -g -fabi-version=2 -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fno-strict-aliasing -DDBUG_OFF
— Configuring done
— Generating done
— Build files have been written to: /root/mysql-5.7.11
到这里cmake完成,比较顺利

5. make 操作
[root@zhangMySQL5711 mysql-5.7.11]# make //漫长的过程 主要看机器的配置,我的虚拟机给了1300M,所以大概用了25分钟
Scanning dependencies of target INFO_BIN
[ 0%] Built target INFO_BIN
Scanning dependencies of target INFO_SRC
[ 0%] Built target INFO_SRC
Scanning dependencies of target abi_check
[ 0%] Built target abi_check
Scanning dependencies of target zlib
[ 0%] Building C object zlib/CMakeFiles/zlib.dir/adler32.c.o
[ 0%] Building C object zlib/CMakeFiles/zlib.dir/compress.c.o
[ 0%] Building C object zlib/CMakeFiles/zlib.dir/crc32.c.o
[ 0%] Building C object zlib/CMakeFiles/zlib.dir/deflate.c.o
[ 0%] Building C object zlib/CMakeFiles/zlib.dir/gzio.c.o
….. ….. …..
Linking CXX executable mysql_embedded
[100%] Built target mysql_embedded
Scanning dependencies of target mysqltest_embedded
[100%] Building CXX object libmysqld/examples/CMakeFiles/mysqltest_embedded.dir/__/__/client/mysqltest.cc.o
Linking CXX executable mysqltest_embedded
[100%] Built target mysqltest_embedded
Scanning dependencies of target my_safe_process
[100%] Building CXX object mysql-test/lib/My/SafeProcess/CMakeFiles/my_safe_process.dir/safe_process.cc.o
Linking CXX executable my_safe_process
[100%] Built target my_safe_process
[root@zhangMySQL5711 mysql-5.7.11]#

注意:
mysql 5.6.19 版本编译后的文件包约2G // 笔者一直使用的是5.6.19及以上版本
MySQL5.7.11 编译安装对磁盘的需求也比以往的版本多很多,make之后的mysql-5.7.11 文件夹约4.8G
开始编译前
[root@zhangMySQL5711 boost]# df -h
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root
11G 4.3G 5.3G 45% /
tmpfs 634M 0 634M 0% /dev/shm
/dev/sda1 477M 112M 340M 25% /boot
编译完成后:
[root@zhangMySQL5711 ~]# df -h
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root
11G 9.1G 427M 96% /
tmpfs 634M 0 634M 0% /dev/shm
/dev/sda1 477M 112M 340M 25% /boot
/dev/sdb1 5.8G 12M 5.5G 1% /mysql

此时如果执行make install 会因为磁盘不足,导致缺失重要的文件,笔者,尝试过几次,均失败。 最后的报错如下:
— Installing: /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_embedded
CMake Error at libmysqld/examples/cmake_install.cmake:42 (FILE):
file INSTALL cannot copy file
“/root/mysql-5.7.11/libmysqld/examples/mysql_embedded” to
“/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_embedded”.
Call Stack (most recent call first):
cmake_install.cmake:116 (INCLUDE)
make: *** [install] Error 1
[root@zhangMySQL5711 mysql-5.7.11]#

并且5.7.11的安装文件也比以往略大
5.6.19 —->1.1G
5.7.11 —->1.9G
所以建议大家尽量给多一点空间

6. make install安装:
[root@zhangMySQL5711 mysql-5.7.11]# make install
……..
— Installing: /usr/local/mysql/mysql-test/./lib/mtr_misc.pl
— Up-to-date: /usr/local/mysql/mysql-test/mtr
— Up-to-date: /usr/local/mysql/mysql-test/mysql-tes开发云主机域名t-run
— Installing: /usr/local/mysql/mysql-test/lib/My/SafeProcess/my_safe_process
— Up-to-date: /usr/local/mysql/mysql-test/lib/My/SafeProcess/my_safe_process
— Installing: /usr/local/mysql/mysql-test/lib/My/SafeProcess/Base.pm
— Installing: /usr/local/mysql/support-files/my-default.cnf
— Installing: /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysqld_multi.server
— Installing: /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql-log-rotate
— Installing: /usr/local/mysql/support-files/magic
— Installing: /usr/local/mysql/share/aclocal/mysql.m4
— Installing: /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server
[root@zhangMySQL5711 mysql-5.7.11]#

7.初始化MySQL
[root@zhangMySQL5711 bin]# ./mysqld –initialize –user=mysql –datadir=/mysql/data –basedir=/usr/local/mysql –socket=/tmp/mysql.sock //在MySQL5.7.6版本以前是 bin/mysql_install_db –user
2016-02-25T04:36:27.941245Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use –explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2016-02-25T04:36:29.363359Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: New log files created, LSN=45790
2016-02-25T04:36:29.529261Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Creating foreign key constraint system tables.
2016-02-25T04:36:29.615486Z 0 [Warning] No existing UUID has been found, so we assume that this is the first time that this server has been started. Generating a new UUID: 56a9ad19-db79-11e5-bc10-080027207e2e.
2016-02-25T04:36:29.635578Z 0 [Warning] Gtid table is not ready to be used. Table ‘mysql.gtid_executed’ cannot be opened.
2016-02-25T04:36:29.645190Z 1 [Note] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: oej[root@zhangMySQL5711 bin]#

8. 添加MySQL服务
[root@zhangMySQL5711 support-files]# cp mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql

9. 编辑my.cnf文件
[root@zhangMySQL5711 support-files]# vi /etc/my.cnf //添加下面的,这里为了简洁,省去其他的,都是按照默认的
[mysqld]
port=3306
basedir=/usr/local/mysql
datadir=/mysql/data
socket=/tmp/mysql.sock

10. 重启MySQL
[root@zhangMySQL5711 support-files]# /etc/init.d/mysql start
Starting MySQL.. SUCCESS!

11. 登录MySQL
[root@zhangMySQL5711 support-files]# cd ../bin/
[root@zhangMySQL5711 bin]# ./mysql -uroot -p //第一次登录MySQL,密码文件在,也可以从make install 最后的一行看到密码
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or g.
Your MySQL connection id is 2
Server version: 5.7.11
Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.
Type ‘help;’ or ‘h’ for help. Type ‘c’ to clear the current input statement.
mysql>

12. 修改root密码
mysql> set password=password(‘zhangmysql’);
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec) //查看warning 提示

mysql> show warnings;
+———+——+——————————————————————————————————————————————————————-+
| Level | Code | Message //下面提示我那种方法以后将会被遗弃 |
+———+——+——————————————————————————————————————————————————————-+
| Warning | 1287 | ‘SET PASSWORD = PASSWORD(”)’ is deprecated and will be removed in a future release. Please use SET PASSWORD = ” instead |
+———+——+——————————————————————————————————————————————————————-+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
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